Santa Clara Valley Water District

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Marin County Sea Level Rise Publications

Report Marin County Sea Level Rise Publications - Marin ocean coast sea level rise adaptation report and vulnerability assessment. "The Adaptation Report is not a plan, but rather an informational document compiling adaptation options proposed to date to set the foundation for continued planning in West Marin." "The C-SMART project team gathered information from technical advisors, utility managers, and coastal residents about potential sea level rise impacts. The resulting Marin Ocean Coast Vulnerability Assessment summarizes the expected timing and extent of impacts, laying a foundation of knowledge to guide adaptation planning." (Published December 11, 2018)
Climate Change Topics: Adaptation / California: Bay Area and Delta / Sea level rise /
(Posted January 9, 2019)

 

Gavin Newsom Has the Opportunity to Make Climate Change Adaptation California's Priority

News article Gavin Newsom Has the Opportunity to Make Climate Change Adaptation California's Priority (Published January 7, 2019)
Source: Bay Nature
Climate Change Topics: Adaptation / California: Statewide /
(Posted January 8, 2019)

 

Trump Administration Sits on Billions in Storm Protection Money

News article Trump Administration Sits on Billions in Storm Protection Money (Published January 3, 2019)
Source: Bloomberg News
Climate Change Topics: Federal Regulations, EPA, Clean Air Act / Precipitation, Extreme Weather /
(Posted January 7, 2019)

 

Mike Bloomberg names San Jose winner in Bloomberg American Cities Climate Challenge

News article Mike Bloomberg names San Jose winner in Bloomberg American Cities Climate Challenge (Published December 28, 2018)
Source: Almaden Times
Climate Change Topics: California: Bay Area and Delta / Greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction, mitigation /
(Posted January 4, 2019)

 

CA WATER COMMISSION: Climate change effects on the State Water Project and Central Valley Project

News article CA WATER COMMISSION: Climate change effects on the State Water Project and Central Valley Project (Published January 3, 2019)
Source: Maven's Notebook
Climate Change Topics: California: Statewide / Water supply, changes in supply, snowpack / Water utilities guidance /
(Posted January 3, 2019)

 

Like Fruit, Vegetables, and Almonds? Scientists Have Bad News.

News article Like Fruit, Vegetables, and Almonds? Scientists Have Bad News. (Published January 1, 2019)
Source: Mother Jones
Climate Change Topics: Agriculture /
(Posted January 2, 2019)

 

California's coastal habitats face existential threat from rising seas

News article California's coastal habitats face existential threat from rising seas (Published December 31, 2018)
Source: Guardian (U.K.)
Climate Change Topics: California: Statewide / Sea level rise /
(Posted January 2, 2019)

 

Winter is shrinking, Scripps study finds, posing new fire, water risks

News article Winter is shrinking, Scripps study finds, posing new fire, water risks
Related Link: https://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JAMC-D-18-0150.1
(Published December 31, 2018)
Source: San Diego Union Tribune
Climate Change Topics: Water supply, changes in supply, snowpack / Wildfires /
(Posted January 2, 2019)

 

2018 Another Dry Year for California

News article 2018 Another Dry Year for California (Published December 31, 2018)
Source: Courthouse News Service
Climate Change Topics: California: Statewide / Drought / Water supply, changes in supply, snowpack /
(Posted January 2, 2019)

 

A New Method to Characterize Changes in the Seasonal Cycle of Snowpack

Report A New Method to Characterize Changes in the Seasonal Cycle of Snowpack - "In the western US, water stored as mountain snowpack comprises a large percentage of the total water needed to meet the region’s demands, and it is likely that as the planet continues to warm, mountain snowpack will decline. However, detecting such trends in the observational record is challenging because snowpack is highly variable in both space and time. Here, a method for characterizing mountain snowpack is developed, which is based on fitting observed annual cycles of SWE to a gamma distribution probability density function. A new method for spatially interpolating the distribution fitting parameters in order to create a gridded climatology of SWE is also presented. Analysis of these data show robust trends in the shape of the annual cycle of snowpack in the western US. Specifically, over the 1982–2017 water years, the annual cycle of snowpack is becoming more narrow and more gaussian. A narrowing of the annual cycle corresponds to a shrinking of the length of the winter season, primarily because snowpack melting is commencing earlier in the water year. As the annual cycle of snowpack at high elevations tends to be more skewed than at lower elevations, a more gaussian shape suggests that snowpack is becoming more characteristic of that at lower elevations. Although no robust downward trends in annual mean SWE are found, robust trends in the shape of the SWE annual cycle have implications for regional water resources." (Evan, A. T., 2018, Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology) (Published December 12, 2018)
Climate Change Topics: Water supply, changes in supply, snowpack /
(Posted January 2, 2019)

 

Smart land use policy can help combat climate change (Opinion)

News article Smart land use policy can help combat climate change (Opinion) (Published December 28, 2018)
Source: CALMatters
Climate Change Topics: Greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction, mitigation / Land Use, environmental management systems, and regulation /
(Posted December 31, 2018)

 

California's droughts hurt fight against climate change. Study tells us why

News article California's droughts hurt fight against climate change. Study tells us why (Published December 29, 2018)
Source: San Francisco Chronicle
Climate Change Topics: California: Statewide / Drought / Energy management and conservation /
(Posted December 31, 2018)

 

2018 Was A Milestone Year For Climate Science (If Not Politics)

News article 2018 Was A Milestone Year For Climate Science (If Not Politics) (Published December 28, 2018)
Source: National Public Radio (NPR)
Climate Change Topics: Politics, laws, United Nations, etc. / Precipitation, Extreme Weather / Temperature /
(Posted December 28, 2018)

 

Commentary: Debunking 'Climate Change Hiatus' of 2000s

News article Commentary: Debunking 'Climate Change Hiatus' of 2000s (Published December 26, 2018)
Source: KQED Radio
Climate Change Topics: Greenhouse gas (GHG) increases / Temperature /
(Posted December 26, 2018)

 

A City Rose on the Marshes. Will the Bay Take it Back? (Foster City)

News article A City Rose on the Marshes. Will the Bay Take it Back? (Foster City) (Published December 19, 2018)
Source: And the West (Stanford University)
Climate Change Topics: California: Bay Area and Delta / Flooding / Sea level rise /
(Posted December 24, 2018)

 

Assessing California's Climate Policies -- An Overview

Report Assessing California's Climate Policies -- An Overview - "Chapter 135 of 2017 (AB 398, E. Garcia) requires our office to annually report on the economic impacts and benefits of California’s statutory greenhouse gas (GHG) emission goals—statewide emissions to 1990 levels by 2020 and to 40 percent below 1990 levels by 2030. This report provides a conceptual overview of the potential economic effects of policies intended to help meet these goals -- both positive and negative -- as well as identifies some key issues for the Legislature to consider when designing and evaluating state climate policies. In a companion report, Assessing California's Climate Policies -- Transportation, we provide more detailed information and comments on the state’s major policies aimed at reducing emissions from the transportation sector." (Published December 21, 2018)
Source: California. Legislative Analyst's Office
Climate Change Topics: California: Statewide / Greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction, mitigation /
(Posted December 24, 2018)

 

Jerry Brown wanted to save the planet and the California budget. How did he do?

News article Jerry Brown wanted to save the planet and the California budget. How did he do? (Published December 19, 2018)
Source: Sacramento Bee
Climate Change Topics: California: Statewide / Greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction, mitigation /
(Posted December 19, 2018)

 

The Southwest May Be Deep Into a Climate-Changed Mega-Drought

News article The Southwest May Be Deep Into a Climate-Changed Mega-Drought (Published December 19, 2018)
Source: Atlantic
Climate Change Topics: Drought /
(Posted December 19, 2018)

 

Silicon Valley 2.0

Report Silicon Valley 2.0 - "Silicon Valley 2.0 supports the entire Santa Clara County with climate risk assessment, adaptation and resilience planning. Developed by the County of Santa Clara Office of Sustainability in collaboration with many partners. The project produced: Climate Adaptation Guidebook, provides key strategies identified for climate change preparedness; and, Web-based Climate Change Decision Support Tool, which allows users to run customized queries using regionally-specific data to model future climate change impacts and the resulting financial costs. Use The Climate Change Preparedness Decision Support Tool to: 1) Learn how the County's climate is expected to change over the next century; 2) Predict the impacts of climate change to the different County areas; 3) Understand which infrastructure assets are at risk by different climate-related impacts, and to what degree; 4) Assess the level of economic risk climate change poses to our infrastructure assets; and 5) View vulnerability and risk reports and export data to run additional analysis." (Published )
Source: Santa Clara County
Climate Change Topics: Adaptation / California: Bay Area and Delta / Flooding / Precipitation, Extreme Weather / Sea level rise / Temperature / Wildfires /
(Posted December 19, 2018)

 

SGMA Climate Change Resources

Report SGMA Climate Change Resources - "This dataset includes processed climate change datasets related to climatology, hydrology, and water operations. The climatological data provided are change factors for precipitation and reference evapotranspiration gridded over the entire State. The hydrological data provided are projected stream inflows for major streams in the Central Valley, and streamflow change factors for areas outside of the Central Valley and smaller ungaged watersheds within the Central Valley. The water operations data provided are Central Valley reservoir outflows, diversions, and State Water Project (SWP) and Central Valley Project (CVP) water deliveries and select streamflow data. Most of the Central Valley inflows and all of the water operations data were simulated using the CalSim II model and produced for all projections. . . . Data are provided for projected climate conditions centered around 2030 and 2070. The climate projections are provided for these two future climate periods, and include one scenario for 2030 and three scenarios for 2070: a 2030 central tendency, a 2070 central tendency, and two 2070 extreme scenarios (i.e., one drier with extreme warming and one wetter with moderate warming). The climate scenario development process represents a climate period analysis where historical interannual variability from January 1915 through December 2011 is preserved while the magnitude of events may be increased or decreased based on projected changes in precipitation and air temperature from general circulation models." (Published December 13, 2018)
Source: California. Dept. of Water Resources
Climate Change Topics: California: Statewide / Groundwater / Models and Tools / Water supply, changes in supply, snowpack / Water utilities guidance /
(Posted December 19, 2018)

 

Sierra Nevada snowpack on track to shrink up to 79% by the end of the century, new study finds

News article Sierra Nevada snowpack on track to shrink up to 79% by the end of the century, new study finds (Published December 17, 2018)
Source: Los Angeles Times
Climate Change Topics: California: Statewide / Water supply, changes in supply, snowpack /
(Posted December 17, 2018)

 

Water shortages ahead? Sierra Nevada snow pack on track to shrink 79 percent, new study finds

News article Water shortages ahead? Sierra Nevada snow pack on track to shrink 79 percent, new study finds
Related Link: https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1029/2018GL080308
(Published December 15, 2018)
Source: San Jose Mercury News
Climate Change Topics: California: Statewide / Water supply, changes in supply, snowpack /
(Posted December 17, 2018)

 

Carbon sequestration in riparian forests: A global synthesis and meta-analysis

Report Carbon sequestration in riparian forests: A global synthesis and meta-analysis - "Restoration of deforested and degraded landscapes is a globally recognized strategy to sequester carbon, improve ecological integrity, conserve biodiversity, and provide additional benefits to human health and well-being. Investment in riparian forest restoration has received relatively little attention, in part due to their relatively small spatial extent. Yet, riparian forest restoration may be a particularly valuable strategy because riparian forests have the potential for rapid carbon sequestration, are hotspots of biodiversity, and provide numerous valuable ecosystem services. To inform this strategy, we conducted a global synthesis and meta-analysis to identify general patterns of carbon stock accumulation in riparian forests. We compiled riparian biomass and soil carbon stock data from 117 publications, reports, and unpublished data sets. We then modeled the change in carbon stock as a function of vegetation age, considering effects of climate and whether or not the riparian forest had been actively planted. On average, our models predicted that the establishment of riparian forest will more than triple the baseline, unforested soil carbon stock, and that riparian forests hold on average 68–158 Mg C/ha in biomass at maturity, with the highest values in relatively warm and wet climates. We also found that actively planting riparian forest substantially jump-starts the biomass carbon accumulation, with initial growth rates more than double those of naturally regenerating riparian forest. Our results demonstrate that carbon sequestration should be considered a strong co-benefit of riparian restoration, and that increasing the pace and scale of riparian forest restoration may be a valuable investment providing both immediate carbon sequestration value and long-term ecosystem service returns." (Dybala, K. E., et al., 2018, Global Change Biology) (Published November 8, 2018)
Climate Change Topics: Ecosystems, Habitat, Threatened Species / Greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction, mitigation /
(Posted December 17, 2018)

 

Climate change will bring more strong El Niños. Here's what that means for California

News article Climate change will bring more strong El Niños. Here's what that means for California (Published December 13, 2018)
Source: Los Angeles Times
Climate Change Topics: California: Statewide / Precipitation, Extreme Weather /
(Posted December 13, 2018)

 

Declining snowpack over Western US mapped at a finer scale

News article Declining snowpack over Western US mapped at a finer scale
Related Link: https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1029/2018GL079621
(Published December 12, 2018)
Source: Science Daily
Climate Change Topics: Water supply, changes in supply, snowpack /
(Posted December 12, 2018)

 

State Water Board Updates Policy to Encourage Recycled Water Use as Resource to Address Effects of Climate Change

News article State Water Board Updates Policy to Encourage Recycled Water Use as Resource to Address Effects of Climate Change (Published December 11, 2018)
Source: California State Water Resources Control Board
Climate Change Topics: California: Statewide / Water supply, changes in supply, snowpack / Water utilities guidance /
(Posted December 12, 2018)

 

Snowpack Change From 1982 to 2016 Over Conterminous United States

Report Snowpack Change From 1982 to 2016 Over Conterminous United States - "Snow water equivalent (SWE) variability and its drivers over different regions remain uncertain due to lack of representativeness of point measurements and deficiencies of existing coarse-resolution SWE products. Here, for the first time, we quantify and understand the snowpack change from 1982 to 2016 over conterminous United States at 4-km pixels. Annual maximum SWE decreased significantly (p < 0.05) by 41% on average for 13% of snowy pixels over western United States. Snow season was shortened significantly by 34 days on average for 9% of snowy pixels over the United States, primarily caused by earlier ending and later arrival of the season over western and eastern United States, respectively. October–March mean temperature and accumulated precipitation largely explain the temporal variability of 1 April SWE over western United States, and considering temperature alone would exaggerate the warming effect on SWE decrease. In contrast, temperature plays the primary role in the 1 April SWE variability over eastern United States." (Zeng, X., et al., 2018, Geophysical Research Letters) (Published December 12, 2018)
Climate Change Topics: Water supply, changes in supply, snowpack /
(Posted December 12, 2018)

 

Climate change was behind 15 weather disasters in 2017

News article Climate change was behind 15 weather disasters in 2017
Related Link: https://www.ametsoc.org/ams/index.cfm/publications/bulletin-of-the-american-meteorological-society-bams/explaining-extreme-events-from-a-climate-perspective/
(Published December 11, 2018)
Source: Washington Post
Climate Change Topics: Agriculture / Drought / Temperature / Wildfires /
(Posted December 11, 2018)

 

Adapting to an Uncertain Water Future

News article Adapting to an Uncertain Water Future (Published December 10, 2018)
Source: Public Policy Institute of California
Climate Change Topics: California: Statewide / Water supply, changes in supply, snowpack /
(Posted December 11, 2018)

 

Sierra snowpack could drop significantly by end of century

News article Sierra snowpack could drop significantly by end of century
Related Link: https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1029/2018GL080308
(Published December 11, 2018)
Source: Science Daily
Climate Change Topics: California: Statewide / Water supply, changes in supply, snowpack /
(Posted December 11, 2018)

 

Explaining Extreme Events from a Climate Perspective

Report Explaining Extreme Events from a Climate Perspective - Annual special report from the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society that "presents assessments of how human-caused climate change may have affected the strength and likelihood of individual extreme events." (Published December 10, 2018)
Climate Change Topics: Drought / Precipitation, Extreme Weather / Sea level rise / Temperature / Water supply, changes in supply, snowpack / Wildfires /
(Posted December 11, 2018)

 

The Changing Character of the California Sierra Nevada as a Natural Reservoir

Report The Changing Character of the California Sierra Nevada as a Natural Reservoir - "The mountains of the Western United States provide a vital natural service through the storage and release of mountain snowpack, lessening impacts of seasonal aridity and satiating summer water demand. However, climate change continues to undermine these important processes. To understand how snowpack may change in the headwaters of California's major reservoirs, the North American Coordinated Regional Climate Downscaling Experiment is analyzed to assess peak water volume, peak timing, accumulation rate, melt rate, and snow season length across both latitudinal and elevational gradients. Under a high-emissions scenario, end-of-century peak snowpack timing occurs 4 weeks earlier and peak water volume is 79.3% lower. The largest reductions are above Shasta, Oroville, and Folsom and between 0- and 2,000-m elevations. Regional climate model and global forcing data set choice is important in determining historical snowpack character, yet by end century all models show a significant and similar decline in mountain snowpack." (Rhoades, A. M., et al., 2018, Geophysical Research Letters) (Published November 20, 2018)
Source: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Climate Change Topics: California: Statewide / Water supply, changes in supply, snowpack /
(Posted December 11, 2018)

 

Climate Adaptation Finance and Investment in California

Report Climate Adaptation Finance and Investment in California - "This book serves as a guide for local governments and private enterprises as they navigate the [uncharted] waters of investing in climate change adaptation and resilience. This book serves not only as a resource guide for identifying potential funding sources but also as a roadmap for asset management and public finance processes. It highlights practical synergies between funding mechanisms, as well as the conflicts that may arise between varying interests and strategies. While the main focus of this work is on the State of California, this book offers broader insights for how states, local governments and private enterprises can take those critical first steps in investing in society's collective adaptation to climate change." By Jesse M. Keenan (Published October 26, 2018)
Climate Change Topics: California: Statewide / Funding, Financing, and Grants / Adaptation /
(Posted December 11, 2018)

 

How does climate change impact water?

News article How does climate change impact water? (Published December 9, 2018)
Source: Santa Cruz Sentinel
Climate Change Topics: California: Statewide / California: Water/Flood Protection Districts / Drought / Precipitation, Extreme Weather / Water supply, changes in supply, snowpack /
(Posted December 10, 2018)

 

Calif. prepares 'retreat' policy for beach homes

News article Calif. prepares 'retreat' policy for beach homes (Published December 7, 2018)
Source: E&E Publishing LLC
Climate Change Topics: Adaptation / California: Statewide / Sea level rise /
(Posted December 7, 2018)

 

How Santa Clara Valley Water District is preparing for flood season: Climate change is increasing the chances of extreme weather events (Opinion by Board chair Richard Santos)

News article How Santa Clara Valley Water District is preparing for flood season: Climate change is increasing the chances of extreme weather events (Opinion by Board chair Richard Santos) (Published December 6, 2018)
Source: Cupertino Courier
Climate Change Topics: California: Bay Area and Delta / California: Water/Flood Protection Districts / Flooding / Precipitation, Extreme Weather / Santa Clara Valley Water District /
(Posted December 6, 2018)

 

El Paso to drink treated sewage water due to climate change drought

News article El Paso to drink treated sewage water due to climate change drought (Published December 1, 2018)
Source: CNN
Climate Change Topics: Drought / Water supply, changes in supply, snowpack /
(Posted December 3, 2018)

 

Five myths about climate change (Opinion)

News article Five myths about climate change (Opinion) (Published December 1, 2018)
Source: Washington Post
Climate Change Topics: Global issues, human impacts / Politics, laws, United Nations, etc. / Skepticism / Temperature /
(Posted December 3, 2018)

 

Climate change is more extensive and worse than once thought

News article Climate change is more extensive and worse than once thought (Published November 29, 2018)
Source: Associated Press
Climate Change Topics: Drought / Global issues, human impacts / Precipitation, Extreme Weather / Sea and Polar ice / Sea level rise / Wildfires /
(Posted November 30, 2018)

 

As Trump dismisses climate change report, California plans to use it against him

News article As Trump dismisses climate change report, California plans to use it against him (Published November 29, 2018)
Source: McClatchy News
Climate Change Topics: California: Statewide / Greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction, mitigation / Politics, laws, United Nations, etc. /
(Posted November 29, 2018)

 

Rising sea levels could cost the U.S. trillions

News article Rising sea levels could cost the U.S. trillions (Published November 29, 2018)
Source: Axios
Climate Change Topics: Flooding / Sea level rise /
(Posted November 29, 2018)

 

How Newsom can use water management to confront climate change (Opinion)

News article How Newsom can use water management to confront climate change (Opinion) (Published November 27, 2018)
Source: CALMatters
Climate Change Topics: California: Statewide / Water supply, changes in supply, snowpack /
(Posted November 28, 2018)

 

The landscape of the U.S. could be part of its climate solution

News article The landscape of the U.S. could be part of its climate solution
Related Link: http://advances.sciencemag.org/content/4/11/eaat1869
(Published November 20, 2018)
Source: Los Angeles Times
Climate Change Topics: Greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction, mitigation /
(Posted November 27, 2018)

 

California regions 'moving in the wrong direction' to meet climate goals, agency finds

News article California regions 'moving in the wrong direction' to meet climate goals, agency finds (Published November 27, 2018)
Source: Sacramento Bee
Climate Change Topics: California: Statewide / Greenhouse gas (GHG) increases /
(Posted November 27, 2018)

 

Five Big Ways the United States Will Need to Adapt to Climate Change

News article Five Big Ways the United States Will Need to Adapt to Climate Change (Published November 27, 2018)
Source: New York Times
Climate Change Topics: Adaptation / Agriculture / Sea level rise / Water supply, changes in supply, snowpack /
(Posted November 27, 2018)

 

New federal report on climate change paints bleak picture for economy and environment

News article New federal report on climate change paints bleak picture for economy and environment
Related Link: https://nca2018.globalchange.gov/
(Published November 24, 2018)
Source: San Francisco Chronicle
Climate Change Topics: Federal Regulations, EPA, Clean Air Act / Global issues, human impacts /
(Posted November 26, 2018)

 

EPA: 'It's not a happy place'

News article EPA: 'It's not a happy place' (Published November 21, 2018)
Source: E&E Publishing LLC
Climate Change Topics: Federal Regulations, EPA, Clean Air Act / Politics, laws, United Nations, etc. /
(Posted November 26, 2018)

 

L.A. wasn't built in the desert, but the desert may be coming to us (Editorial)

News article L.A. wasn't built in the desert, but the desert may be coming to us (Editorial) (Published November 24, 2018)
Source: Los Angeles Times
Climate Change Topics: California: Statewide / Water supply, changes in supply, snowpack /
(Posted November 26, 2018)

 

Climate change leading to higher tides in California. That means 'nuisance flooding' (Column)

News article Climate change leading to higher tides in California. That means 'nuisance flooding' (Column) (Published November 25, 2018)
Source: San Luis Obispo Tribune
Climate Change Topics: California: Statewide / Flooding / Sea level rise /
(Posted November 26, 2018)

 

Ominous US climate report offers few policy solutions

News article Ominous US climate report offers few policy solutions (Published November 26, 2018)
Source: Bloomberg News
Climate Change Topics: Adaptation / Global issues, human impacts /
(Posted November 26, 2018)

 

Federal Report: Climate Change Already Hurting U.S. Communities

News article Federal Report: Climate Change Already Hurting U.S. Communities (Published November 24, 2018)
Source: National Public Radio (NPR)
Climate Change Topics: Federal Regulations, EPA, Clean Air Act / Global issues, human impacts /
(Posted November 26, 2018)

 

Comprehensive Government Climate Report Warns That Warming Planet Threatens U.S. Water Security

News article Comprehensive Government Climate Report Warns That Warming Planet Threatens U.S. Water Security (Published November 23, 2018)
Source: Circle of Blue
Climate Change Topics: Water supply, changes in supply, snowpack /
(Posted November 26, 2018)

 

What is the Fourth National Climate Assessment?

News article What is the Fourth National Climate Assessment? (Published November 23, 2018)
Source: Union of Concerned Scientists
Climate Change Topics: Adaptation / Federal Regulations, EPA, Clean Air Act / Global issues, human impacts /
(Posted November 26, 2018)

 

Climate change will harm the entire nation if the U.S. doesn't act now, federal report warns

News article Climate change will harm the entire nation if the U.S. doesn't act now, federal report warns (Published November 24, 2018)
Source: Los Angeles Times
Climate Change Topics: Adaptation / Federal Regulations, EPA, Clean Air Act / Global issues, human impacts / Greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction, mitigation /
(Posted November 26, 2018)

 

Bigger wildfires. Worsening droughts. More disease. How climate change is battering California

News article Bigger wildfires. Worsening droughts. More disease. How climate change is battering California (Published November 25, 2018)
Source: Los Angeles Times
Climate Change Topics: California: Statewide / Drought / Global issues, human impacts / Wildfires /
(Posted November 26, 2018)

 

Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume II: Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States

Report Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume II: Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States - "This report, Volume II, draws on the foundational science described in Volume I, the Climate Science Special Report (CSSR). Volume II focuses on the human welfare, societal, and environmental elements of climate change and variability for 10 regions and 18 national topics [including water], with particular attention paid to observed and projected risks, impacts, consideration of risk reduction, and implications under different mitigation pathways. Where possible, NCA4 Volume II provides examples of actions underway in communities across the United States to reduce the risks associated with climate change, increase resilience, and improve livelihoods. This assessment was written to help inform decision-makers, utility and natural resource managers, public health officials, emergency planners, and other stakeholders by providing a thorough examination of the effects of climate change on the United States." (Published November 23, 2018)
Source: United States. Global Change Research Program
Climate Change Topics: Adaptation / Agriculture / Ecosystems, Habitat, Threatened Species / Energy management and conservation / Global issues, human impacts / Sea level rise / Water quality / Water supply, changes in supply, snowpack /
(Posted November 26, 2018)

 

'Like a Terror Movie': How Climate Change Will Cause More Simultaneous Disasters

News article 'Like a Terror Movie': How Climate Change Will Cause More Simultaneous Disasters
Related Link: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41558-018-0315-6
(Published November 19, 2018)
Source: New York Times
Climate Change Topics: Global issues, human impacts /
(Posted November 21, 2018)

 

Building Ecological Resilience in Highly Modified Landscapes

Report Building Ecological Resilience in Highly Modified Landscapes - "Ecological resilience is a powerful heuristic for ecosystem management in the context of rapid environmental change. Significant efforts are underway to improve the resilience of biodiversity and ecological function to extreme events and directional change across all types of landscapes, from intact natural systems to highly modified landscapes such as cities and agricultural regions. However, identifying management strategies likely to promote ecological resilience remains a challenge. In this article, we present seven core dimensions to guide long-term and large-scale resilience planning in highly modified landscapes, with the objective of providing a structure and shared vocabulary for recognizing opportunities and actions likely to increase resilience across the whole landscape. We illustrate application of our approach to landscape-scale ecosystem management through case studies from two highly modified California landscapes, Silicon Valley and the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta. We propose that resilience-based management is best implemented at large spatial scales and through collaborative, cross-sector partnerships."(Beller, E. E., et al., 2018, BioScience) (Published November 7, 2018)
Source: San Francisco Estuary Institute
Climate Change Topics: California: Bay Area and Delta / Ecosystems, Habitat, Threatened Species /
(Posted November 21, 2018)

 

Half of the world's annual precipitation falls in just 12 days

News article Half of the world's annual precipitation falls in just 12 days (Published November 16, 2018)
Source: Science Daily
Climate Change Topics: Precipitation, Extreme Weather /
(Posted November 19, 2018)

 

Part of the Answer to Climate Change May Be America's Trees and Dirt, Scientists Say

News article Part of the Answer to Climate Change May Be America's Trees and Dirt, Scientists Say (Published November 15, 2018)
Source: New York Times
Climate Change Topics: Greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction, mitigation /
(Posted November 15, 2018)

 

Scientists: Wind, drought worsen fires, not bad management

News article Scientists: Wind, drought worsen fires, not bad management (Published November 14, 2018)
Source: Associated Press
Climate Change Topics: California: Statewide / Drought / Wildfires /
(Posted November 15, 2018)

 

Climate contrarian uncovers scientific error, upends major ocean warming study

News article Climate contrarian uncovers scientific error, upends major ocean warming study (Published November 14, 2018)
Source: San Diego Union Tribune
Climate Change Topics: Research / Temperature /
(Posted November 14, 2018)

 

California's Water

Report California's Water - Updated report on water issues. (Updated November 2018) (Published November 13, 2018)
Source: Public Policy Institute of California
Climate Change Topics: California: Statewide / Water supply, changes in supply, snowpack /
(Posted November 14, 2018)

 

Decomposing the cascade of uncertainty in risk assessments for urban flooding reflecting critical decision-making issues

Report Decomposing the cascade of uncertainty in risk assessments for urban flooding reflecting critical decision-making issues - "Climate change risk assessments traditionally follow an analytical structure in which climate information is linked to impact models, and subsequently to damage models and decision-making tools. This structure generates a wide cascade of uncertainties that accumulate with each analytical step, consequently resulting in a wide range of risk estimates. This cascade of uncertainties can suggest that climate change risk assessments are not very useful in the context of decision-making regarding climate adaptation. However, many of the uncertainties revealed in traditionally structured climate risk assessments are not equally relevant to specific decisions, and presenting wide cascades of uncertainties can mask key decision-making parameters. In this paper, we show how the cascade of uncertainty relevant to decision-making can be reduced by applying an uncertainty decomposition approach, which, in study design, initially identifies the uncertainty cascade elements of particular relevance to the focal decision-making context. We compare the full cascade of uncertainties that emerge in a traditional risk assessment based on linked climate scenarios, impact modeling, and damage cost assessment with the uncertainty cascade generated by a detailed assessment of urban flooding risks where the focus is on key uncertainties in decision-making on climate change adaptation." (Halsnaes, K. and P. S. Kaspersen, 2018, Climatic Change) (Published November 14, 2018)
Climate Change Topics: Flooding /
(Posted November 14, 2018)

 

Megafires More Frequent Because Of Climate Change And Forest Management

News article Megafires More Frequent Because Of Climate Change And Forest Management (Published November 12, 2018)
Source: KQED Radio
Climate Change Topics: California: Statewide / Wildfires /
(Posted November 13, 2018)

 

BAY DELTA SCIENCE CONFERENCE: Emergent groundwater and sea level rise in the San Francisco Bay Area: the silent and largely unknown underground threat

News article BAY DELTA SCIENCE CONFERENCE: Emergent groundwater and sea level rise in the San Francisco Bay Area: the silent and largely unknown underground threat (Published November 8, 2018)
Source: Maven's Notebook
Climate Change Topics: California: Bay Area and Delta / Groundwater / Sea level rise /
(Posted November 8, 2018)

 

Proposition A: San Franciscans Want a New Seawall and Vote to Pay For It

News article Proposition A: San Franciscans Want a New Seawall and Vote to Pay For It (Published November 7, 2018)
Source: KQED Radio
Climate Change Topics: Adaptation / California: Bay Area and Delta / Flooding / Sea level rise /
(Posted November 7, 2018)

 

SF's Embarcadero seawall measure wins easily

News article SF's Embarcadero seawall measure wins easily (Published November 7, 2018)
Source: San Francisco Chronicle
Climate Change Topics: Adaptation / California: Bay Area and Delta / Flooding / Sea level rise /
(Posted November 7, 2018)

 

State cap-and-trade systems offer evidence that carbon pricing can work

News article State cap-and-trade systems offer evidence that carbon pricing can work (Published November 6, 2018)
Source: San Francisco Chronicle
Climate Change Topics: AB 32 and Subsequent Legislation / California: Statewide / Greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction, mitigation /
(Posted November 6, 2018)

 

21st century California drought risk linked to model fidelity of the El Nino teleconnection

Report 21st century California drought risk linked to model fidelity of the El Nino teleconnection - "Greenhouse gas induced climate change is expected to lead to negative hydrological impacts for southwestern North America, including California (CA). This includes a decrease in the amount and frequency of precipitation, reductions in Sierra snow pack, and an increase in evapotranspiration, all of which imply a decline in surface water availability, and an increase in drought and stress on water resources. However, a recent study showed the importance of tropical Pacific sea surface temperature (SST) warming and an El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO)-like teleconnection in driving an increase in CA precipitation through the 21st century, particularly during winter (DJF). Here, we extend this prior work and show wetter (drier) CA conditions, based on several drought metrics, are associated with an El Nino (La Nina)-like SST pattern. Models that better simulate the observed ENSO-CA precipitation teleconnection also better simulate the ENSO-CA drought relationships, and yield negligible change in the risk of 21st century CA drought, primarily due to wetting during winter. Seasonally, however, CA drought risk is projected to increase during the non-winter months, particularly in the models that poorly simulate the observed teleconnection. Thus, future projections of CA drought are dependent on model fidelity of the El Nino teleconnection. As opposed to focusing on adapting to less water, models that better simulate the teleconnection imply adaptation measures focused on smoothing seasonal differences for affected agricultural, terrestrial, and aquatic systems, as well as effectively capturing enhanced winter runoff." (Allen, R. J. and R. G. Anderson, 2018, NPJ Climate and Atmospheric Science) (Published September 3, 2018)
Climate Change Topics: California: Statewide / Drought /
(Posted November 6, 2018)

 

Climate Change and California's Water Supply: How Can We Adapt?

Report Climate Change and California's Water Supply: How Can We Adapt? - "Climate change is expected to alter water supplies in California fundamentally. The state must find ways to adapt. This article explores potential adaptation strategies and the role that water markets can play in mitigating some of the economic costs of climate change." (Bruno, E. M. and K. Jessoe) (Published November 2, 2018)
Source: University of California
Climate Change Topics: Adaptation / California: Statewide / Water supply, changes in supply, snowpack /
(Posted November 6, 2018)

 

Managing for Salmon Resilience in California's Variable and Changing Climate

Report Managing for Salmon Resilience in California's Variable and Changing Climate - "California's salmonids are at the southern limits of their individual species' ranges, and display a wide diversity of strategies to survive in California's highly variable climate. Land use changes after statehood in 1850 eliminated important habitats, or blocked access to them, and reduced the abundance, productivity, and distribution of California's salmon. Habitat simplification, fishing, hatchery impacts, and other stressors led to the loss of genetic and phenotypic (life history, morphological, behavioral, and physiological) diversity in salmonids. Limited diversity and habitat loss left California salmon with reduced capacity to cope with a variable and changing climate. Since 1976, California has experienced frequent droughts, as were common in the paleo-climatological record, but rare in the peak dam-building era of 1936-1976. Increasing temperatures and decreasing snowpacks have produced harsher conditions for California’s salmon in their current habitats than they experienced historically. The most likely way to promote salmon productivity and persistence in California is to restore habitat diversity, reconnect migratory corridors to spawning and rearing habitats, and refocus management to replenish the genetic and phenotypic diversity of these southernmost populations." (Herbold, B., et al., 2018, San Francisco Estuary and Watershed Science) (Published August 19, 2018)
Climate Change Topics: California: Statewide / Ecosystems, Habitat, Threatened Species /
(Posted November 2, 2018)

 

Study: Oceans warming faster than anticipated giving humanity even less time to stave off worst impacts of climate change

News article Study: Oceans warming faster than anticipated giving humanity even less time to stave off worst impacts of climate change (Published November 1, 2018)
Source: San Diego Union Tribune
Climate Change Topics: Global issues, human impacts / Temperature /
(Posted November 1, 2018)

 

Marin County Climate Action Plan

Report Marin County Climate Action Plan - "This document, builds on the 2006 GHG Reduction Plan and provides an update of GHG emissions in 2012, forecasts of emissions for 2020, and an assessment of actions that the County will take to further reduce emissions by 2020." It also includes adaptation actions. (Published July 31, 2015)
Climate Change Topics: Adaptation / Agriculture / California: Bay Area and Delta / Greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction, mitigation / Precipitation, Extreme Weather / Sea level rise / Temperature / Water supply, changes in supply, snowpack / Sample Climate Action Plans /
(Posted November 1, 2018)

 

Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment for the Sacramento County Climate Action Plan: Communitywide Greenhouse Gas Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation (Communitywide CAP)

Report Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment for the Sacramento County Climate Action Plan: Communitywide Greenhouse Gas Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation (Communitywide CAP) - "This vulnerability assessment provides an overview of the primary and secondary threats associated with climate change, and identifies the ones most likely to affect Sacramento County. The findings of the vulnerability assessment will be used to develop climate adaptation strategies that address these threats, which will be included in the County’s Climate Action Plan (CAP)." (Published January 20, 2017)
Climate Change Topics: Adaptation / California: Statewide / Flooding / Precipitation, Extreme Weather / Sea level rise / Temperature / Wildfires / Sample Climate Action Plans /
(Posted November 1, 2018)

 

City of Santa Cruz Climate Adaptation Plan Update 2018-2023

Report City of Santa Cruz Climate Adaptation Plan Update 2018-2023 - "Incorporating climate resilience planning into all that we do as a city allows us to address some of these difficult decisions in advance and take advantage of potential opportunities to protect our residents, infrastructure and economic well-being. This Update to the City of Santa Cruz Climate Adaptation Plan (CAP Update) creates a framework for decision makers to build a more resilient and sustainable community, one that is informed by the most current climate science." (Published October 5, 2018)
Climate Change Topics: Adaptation / California: Statewide / Drought / Greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction, mitigation / Sea level rise / Temperature / Wildfires / Sample Climate Action Plans /
(Posted November 1, 2018)

 

County of Santa Cruz Climate Action Strategy

Report County of Santa Cruz Climate Action Strategy - "GHG reduction strategies are proposed for the three sectors with the highest emissions: transportation, energy, and solid waste. . . . A vulnerability assessment was prepared to identify the conditions that may occur in Santa Cruz County as a result of the various components of climate change (increasing temperature, rising sea level, and shifts in the precipitation regime) and the locations, infrastructure and economic sectors that are particularly vulnerable to negative impacts. . . . A risk analysis was performed to determine which impacts from climate change present the greatest risk to people and to the natural and built environments. In the short to intermediate term (2010-2050) water shortage was identified as the largest risk. In the intermediate to long term (2050-2100) rising water table, coastal bluff erosion, and increased flooding and landslides join water shortage as the greatest risks. Eight 'climate adaptation goals' are articulated as a guide for evaluating adaptation strategies." (Published February 26, 2013)
Climate Change Topics: Adaptation / California: Statewide / Greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction, mitigation / Precipitation, Extreme Weather / Sea level rise / Temperature / Sample Climate Action Plans /
(Posted November 1, 2018)

 

Climate Action 2020 and Beyond: Sonoma County Regional Climate Action Plan

Report Climate Action 2020 and Beyond: Sonoma County Regional Climate Action Plan - "Given the wide audience and diverse interests in the community, Climate Action 2020 and Beyond (CA2020) is designed to be accessible and useful to a wide range of users. Readers will quickly notice that actions in CA2020 to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and adapt to a changing climate are complex and touch on many aspects of everyday life in Sonoma County." (Published July 1, 2016)
Climate Change Topics: Adaptation / California: Bay Area and Delta / Flooding / Greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction, mitigation / Precipitation, Extreme Weather / Sea level rise / Temperature / Sample Climate Action Plans /
(Posted November 1, 2018)

 

Revised Draft Climate Action Plan (Napa County)

Report Revised Draft Climate Action Plan (Napa County) - "This Climate Action Plan (CAP) provides a comprehensive roadmap to address the challenges of climate change in unincorporated Napa County. Acting on climate change means reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from local sources and helping the community to adapt to climate change and improve its resilience over the long term." (Published July 18, 2018)
Climate Change Topics: Adaptation / California: Bay Area and Delta / Flooding / Greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction, mitigation / Precipitation, Extreme Weather / Sea level rise / Temperature / Wildfires / Sample Climate Action Plans /
(Posted November 1, 2018)

 

Groundwater Management is Key to Adapting to Climate Change

News article Groundwater Management is Key to Adapting to Climate Change (Published October 30, 2018)
Source: Public Policy Institute of California
Climate Change Topics: California: Statewide / Groundwater /
(Posted October 31, 2018)

 

California's Dry October Could Be A Sign Of More Concentrated Rainy Seasons

News article California's Dry October Could Be A Sign Of More Concentrated Rainy Seasons (Published October 30, 2018)
Source: Capital Public Radio
Climate Change Topics: California: Statewide / Precipitation, Extreme Weather /
(Posted October 30, 2018)

 

Before It Turns to 'Jello,' Embarcadero Seawall May Get Voter-Approved Upgrade

News article Before It Turns to 'Jello,' Embarcadero Seawall May Get Voter-Approved Upgrade (Published October 29, 2018)
Source: KQED Radio
Climate Change Topics: California: Bay Area and Delta / Flooding / Sea level rise /
(Posted October 29, 2018)

 

A look at the climate science sent to Trump

News article A look at the climate science sent to Trump (Published October 25, 2018)
Source: E&E Publishing LLC
Climate Change Topics: Federal Regulations, EPA, Clean Air Act / Politics, laws, United Nations, etc. / Skepticism /
(Posted October 26, 2018)

 

Dr. Jeff Mount: Making groundwater a centerpiece of managing the droughts of the future

News article Dr. Jeff Mount: Making groundwater a centerpiece of managing the droughts of the future (Published October 24, 2018)
Source: Maven's Notebook
Climate Change Topics: California: Statewide / Drought / Groundwater /
(Posted October 24, 2018)

 

Rising temperatures and human activity are increasing storm runoff and flash floods

News article Rising temperatures and human activity are increasing storm runoff and flash floods (Published October 22, 2018)
Source: Science Daily
Climate Change Topics: Flooding /
(Posted October 22, 2018)

 

When it comes to propping up SF's crumbling seawall, no one's resisting

News article When it comes to propping up SF's crumbling seawall, no one's resisting (Published October 21, 2018)
Source: San Francisco Chronicle
Climate Change Topics: California: Bay Area and Delta / Flooding / Sea level rise /
(Posted October 22, 2018)

 

For Southern California wetlands threatened by sea-level rise, a new survival strategy

News article For Southern California wetlands threatened by sea-level rise, a new survival strategy (Published October 19, 2018)
Source: Orange County Register
Climate Change Topics: California: Statewide / Ecosystems, Habitat, Threatened Species / Sea level rise /
(Posted October 22, 2018)

 

Facing the coming flood with sense of optimism (Column)

News article Facing the coming flood with sense of optimism (Column) (Published October 20, 2018)
Source: San Francisco Chronicle
Climate Change Topics: California: Bay Area and Delta / Flooding / Sea level rise /
(Posted October 22, 2018)

 

California and climate change: Here's what to expect

News article California and climate change: Here's what to expect (Published October 18, 2018)
Source: Yale Climate Connections
Climate Change Topics: California: Statewide / Drought / Sea level rise / Temperature / Water supply, changes in supply, snowpack / Wildfires /
(Posted October 19, 2018)

 

Climate Change Dishes Up Dangerous Heat, Even in the Bay Area

News article Climate Change Dishes Up Dangerous Heat, Even in the Bay Area (Published October 15, 2018)
Source: KQED Radio
Climate Change Topics: California: Bay Area and Delta / Temperature /
(Posted October 15, 2018)

 

Reduced Sierra Nevada snowmelt runoff to threaten California agriculture

News article Reduced Sierra Nevada snowmelt runoff to threaten California agriculture (Published October 9, 2018)
Source: Phys.Org
Climate Change Topics: Agriculture / California: Statewide / Water supply, changes in supply, snowpack /
(Posted October 12, 2018)

 

Farms, Food Producers Taking Strides to Save Water - and the Climate

News article Farms, Food Producers Taking Strides to Save Water - and the Climate (Published October 12, 2018)
Source: Water Deeply
Climate Change Topics: Agriculture /
(Posted October 12, 2018)

 

Less Snow Could Be Coming To California's Sierra Nevada Mountains

News article Less Snow Could Be Coming To California's Sierra Nevada Mountains
Related Link: http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2018/10/03/1805953115
(Published October 10, 2018)
Source: Capital Public Radio
Climate Change Topics: California: Statewide / Water supply, changes in supply, snowpack /
(Posted October 11, 2018)

 

Understanding and Using Climate Adaptation Related Spatial Data in Regional Conservation Planning

Report Understanding and Using Climate Adaptation Related Spatial Data in Regional Conservation Planning - "Climate-driven shifts in species and ecosystems are complicating efforts to conserve biodiversity at the landscape scale. Recognizing this challenge, agencies and non-governmental organizations are increasingly searching for tools and information that allow identification of areas that are key to enhancing resilience and adaptation potential of natural systems under climate change. AdaptWest is a spatial database for conservation planning that helps fill that information need by providing seamless high-resolution data on a variety of climate-related metrics. We will present an overview of the spatial datasets available on adaptwest.databasin.org and how they can be used in climate adaptation planning." (Conservation Biology Institute, 1-hour video) (Published October 4, 2018)
Climate Change Topics: Adaptation / Ecosystems, Habitat, Threatened Species / Video Training /
(Posted October 11, 2018)

 

AdaptWest: A Climate Adaptation Conservation Planning Database for Western North America

Report AdaptWest: A Climate Adaptation Conservation Planning Database for Western North America - "AdaptWest is a spatial database designed to help land management agencies and other organizations implement strategies that promote resilience, protect biodiversity, and conserve and enhance the adaptation potential of natural systems in the face of a changing climate." (Published )
Climate Change Topics: Adaptation / Ecosystems, Habitat, Threatened Species /
(Posted October 11, 2018)

 

Building U.S. Communities' and Businesses' Resilience to Extreme Events

Report Building U.S. Communities' and Businesses' Resilience to Extreme Events - "For FY19, the CEE Division seeks to establish a new Cooperative Agreement for evolution and/or integration of open-source / open-access tools, data products, information resources, methodologies, and expertise focused on helping U.S. local governments, communities, and businesses ('stakeholders') adapt / build resilience to climate-related impacts and extreme events. The point of this cooperative agreement isn’t to conceive and create new innovations; rather, it is to integrate existing tools, resources, and/or methodologies that are successful, and that are readily scalable and/or interoperable, to produce 'new wholes that are greater than the sum of (currently) disparate and disconnected parts'." Applications are due Nov. 20, 2018. More information at https://cpo.noaa.gov/Portals/0/Grants/2019/CPO2019FFO.pdf (Published )
Source: United States. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Climate Change Topics: Funding, Financing, and Grants / Precipitation, Extreme Weather /
(Posted October 11, 2018)

 

Non-Disaster Grants Management System

Report Non-Disaster Grants Management System - "FEMA provides state and local governments with preparedness program funding to enhance the capacity of their emergency responders to prevent, respond to, and recover from a range of hazards." (Published )
Source: United States. Federal Emergency Management Agency
Climate Change Topics: Funding, Financing, and Grants /
(Posted October 11, 2018)

 

Hazard Mitigation Assistance and Sea Level Rise

Report Hazard Mitigation Assistance and Sea Level Rise - "Pursuant to the FEMA directive to integrate climate change adaptation into its programs, FEMA will fund cost effective hazard mitigation projects that include sea level rise estimates. This list of Frequently Asked Questions provides information on to incorporate sea level rise into Hazard Mitigation Assistance projects and use the FEMA Benefit Cost Tool to calculate the benefit cost ratio for a mitigation project that includes sea level rise." (Published )
Source: United States. Federal Emergency Management Agency
Climate Change Topics: Funding, Financing, and Grants / Sea level rise /
(Posted October 11, 2018)

 

Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP)

Report Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) - "The purpose of this page is to connect individuals and state, local, and tribal government representatives with the resources they need to implement hazard mitigation measures in their communities." (Published )
Source: United States. Federal Emergency Management Agency
Climate Change Topics: Funding, Financing, and Grants /
(Posted October 11, 2018)

 

Pre-Disaster Mitigation Grant Program (PDM)

Report Pre-Disaster Mitigation Grant Program (PDM) - "The goal is to reduce overall risk to the population and structures from future hazard events, while also reducing reliance on Federal funding in future disasters. This program awards planning and project grants and provides opportunities for raising public awareness about reducing future losses before disaster strikes. Mitigation planning is a key process used to break the cycle of disaster damage, reconstruction, and repeated damage. PDM grants are funded annually by Congressional appropriations and are awarded on a nationally competitive basis." (Published )
Source: United States. Federal Emergency Management Agency
Climate Change Topics: Funding, Financing, and Grants /
(Posted October 11, 2018)

 

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